John Bostain of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) has been the leading proponent for abolishing Use of Force Continuums. This 15 minute podcast is an excellent summary of his position. FLETC also transcribed the podcast if you would rather read it.
Each continuum has its own general categories of subject actions. They include phrases such as passive resistance, verbal non-compliance, active resistance, assaultive, grievous bodily harm, you get the point. The problem is that there is no universal agreement on how to define each of these terms. Active resistance to one officer may appear passive to another, and may even appear assaultive to another. These types of inconsistencies may cause an officer to unnecessarily hesitate as he tries to pigeonhole a subject’s actions into a specific definition on a Use of Force continuum. Use of Force continuums are a cognitive tool, and they’re not very useful in the rapidly evolving dynamics of a critical incident.
(via Fred Leland at LESC)